Não temos conhecimento direto da medicina ayurvédica relacionada à cura do melasma. Mas tendo achado links e textos abaixo apresentados sobre o problema, e como somos completamente a favor do avanço das ideias, sempre mediante análises lúcidas e reflexões profundas, resolvemos incluir esta página neste saite.
As técnicas apresentadas parece-nos muito controversas, e aconselhamos a quem quer que queira submeter-se a elas consultar um médico especializado em medicina ayurvédica.
Texto extraído do link 1:
Melasma, or brown spots, is a common skin condition in which the skin pigment melanin is unevenly distributed in the skin. Melasma can affect anyone, although women with brownish-skin complexions are at higher risk.
can be caused due to excessive exposure to sunlight, lack of melanin or vitamin-D in skin, excessive or uneven usage of birth control pills, homone replacement therapy and also during pregnancy.
Genetic predisposition is also a major factor in determining whether someone will develop melasma.
The incidence of melasma also increases in patients with thyroid disease. It is thought that the overproduction of melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) brought on by stress can cause outbreaks of this condition. Other rare causes of melasma include allergic reaction to medications and cosmetics.
By using natural methods below , you can reduce or completely cure Melasma in 7-9 months maximum.
Gently massage the affected areas with aloe vera gel. Aloe vera contains a potent substance called mucilaginous polysaccharide (MPS), which softens and lightens brown spots and other discolorations. Apply the aloe vera gel to the affected areas and massage in circular motions for 15 minutes and leave on overnight. Aloe vera gel can be purchased at any health-food store near you.
Rub an oatmeal-and-milk mixture to the affected areas every day. Oatmeal is a natural skin-exfoliating substance, which can lighten skin discolorations such as melasma. Mix one cup of uncooked oats and a 1/2 cup of milk and massage directly on the affected areas. Leave the oat-and-milk mixture on your skin for about 30 minutes. Rinse it off with warm water and pat dry with a clean towel.
Apply turmeric paste to the affected areas every day. Curcumin is the active ingredient of turmeric spice, which has antioxidant and skin-lightening properties. Mix five-to-six tablespoons of turmeric powder to 10 tablespoons of milk. Add one tablespoon of gram flour to thicken the mixture so it’ll be easier to apply to the skin. Gently massage the paste into the affected areas and leave on for about 30 minutes; rinse off and pat dry.
Massage honey-and-almond paste to the affected skin every day. The proteins contained in honey and almonds have a skin-lightening effect on the skin. Add one cup of raw unsalted almonds into a blender with a 1/2 cup of honey. Blend the mixture until it turns into a paste. Gently rub the mixture onto the affected skin and leave on for about 30 minutes; rinse off and pat dry.
Apply lemon juice on the affected skin every day. Lemons contain citric acid, which can naturally lighten hair and skin. Wash your hands and squeeze a fresh lemon on the affected areas; gently rub and leave on for 20 minutes. You can apply lemon juice prior to applying any of the remedies mentioned above.
Take seeds of onion and make a paste of them with water and apply this paste on effected area and wash it after it dries.
Extract juice from fresh tulasi leaves and mix camphor powder in it.
Apply this thick juice on effected area and wash it after it dries.
Take 2 spoons of Triphala Churnam and add it to 300 ml of water.
Let it soak overnight. Next morning boil this water till you get 100 ml of brown color water mixed with triphala churnam.
Now filter the powder below and use this warm water to clean the effected area gently and later apply above pastes.
Food to eat : 1.Take 1 spoon triphala churnam with honey every night before sleep and every morning on empty stomach.
2. Make juice of beetroot+carrrot+cucumber+honey and have 2 glasses (500 ml) before breakfast (atleast 1 hour after taking triphala churnam as said above)
Food to avoid : Tamarind, spicy and masala food, garlic, brinjal, green chillies, curd or yogurt, buffallow milk (should use only cow milk), liquour, sugarcane, eggs, fish, chicken.
Also avoid exercise in heat, birth control pills and stay away from sexual activities till it is cured.
Texto extraído do link 2:
Melasma is commonly seen in Indian working women between the age of 25-55. Melasma is a brown patch, a tan or a grey patch on the upper cheeks, upper lip, forehead and chin. It is very common during pregnancy, but the patches disappear after pregnancy. Even though it is common in women, male cases have also been reported.
Melasma was initially considered as sun tan. But, later researches have shown that other indications like hormonal imbalances lead to this condition. Pregnancy and intake of contraceptive pills for a long period play a vital role. According to some statistics people with dark skin like Asian, Middle Eastern and Hispanics have higher chances of getting melasma than others.
Causes of melasma
The exact patho-physiology and causes are still unclear. General supportive causes are as follows
Birth control pills
Hormone replacement therapy
Race – Asian, Middle Eastern and Hispanics
Anti seizure medications
Exposure to ultra violet light
Uncontrolled or over exposure to sun light (Higher incidences are reported in Summer)
Melasma is clinically understood as discoloration or hyper-pigmentation on the face. Clinically, it can be categorized into:
Centro-facial Melasma – Which affects the center part of the face – High incidence affecting the forehead, cheeks, upper lip, nose and chin
Malar Melasma – Which affects the cheek areas including the upper cheeks
Mandibular Melasma – Which affects the jaw bones
Very rarely, melasma affecting the other parts of the body like forearms, neck, back too have been recorded.
Based on the pigmentation type, melasma is divided into four types
Epidermal melasma – Accumulation of excessive melanin in the skin
Dermal melasma – Excessive melanophages in the skin throughout the dermis
Mixed melasma – Both the above
Unnamed – Usually affects the dark skinned persons – Excessive melanocytes in the skin
Usually, by physical examination of the skin on the face by the physician. A wood’s light test is helpful to diagnose the condition accurately. Skin biopsy helps to understand the clinical type.
Treating melasma with Ayurveda
Ayurveda, as a holistic medicine addresses this problem both from inside and outside. According to ayurveda, facial beauty is the reflection of physical, mental and spiritual well being. Hence, Ayurveda recommends the traditional detoxification therapies followed by rejuvenation therapies for this condition.
As a pacification therapy, Ayurveda recommends a special eight fold therapy for a period of 28-40 days for complete cure. This facial therapies helps improves the blood circulation in the skin which in turn detox and rejuvenate itself. Even though the results are slow, it yields better results than any other chemical or modern medicine based creams
Gentle application of fresh aloe vera juice followed by warm water wash: According to modern researchers, aloe vera contains mucilaginous polysaccharides which has a significant result on lightening the dark spots. Ayurveda recommends this should be applied gently on the face and left on for 15 minutes before washing off
Orange peel fresh, powdered mixed with milk – is a very good skin exfoliator which can lighten skin discoloration in no time. Gentle application followed by warm water wash after 30 minutes is recommended
Application of turmeric powder mixed with warm milk – 5 tablespoons of turmeric powder mixed with 10 tablespoons of milk is applied all over the face followed by a warm massage for 20 minutes followed by warm water wash
Almond paste with honey as pack for 15 minutes followed by warm water wash after 15 minutes
Application of fresh lemon juice with gentle massage followed by warm water wash after 10 minutes
Onion seed paste application followed by warm water wash after 15 minutes
Thulasi leave paste pack followed by warm water wash after 15 minutes
Finally, a 10-minute pack with Thriphala choornam for 10 minutes followed by warm water wash (Ayurveda recommends using Thriphala Kashayam for face wash to prevent and cure melasma. Ayurveda also recommends 1 tablespoon of Thriphala choornam at bed time with warm water)
Home remedies for melasma
Vinegar: Dilute vinegar equally with water, and use to cleanse and rinse your face. Allow to air dry to seal in moisture. Or, use the vinegar/water mixture in place of an astringent or toner. Vinegar is chemically acetic acid, and is capable of whitening and brightening, as well as making skin smoother and more radiant. It has also long been used as a skin softener. Apple cider or other natural vinegars are recommended, though some people use distilled white vinegar.
Onion juice: To get onion juice, you can finely chop up an onion, or blend it, and squeeze the juice through a cheese cloth. Mix with an equal part of apple cider vinegar, and apply twice daily with a cotton ball and watch for results over the next several weeks. Alternatively, you can cut a slice of onion, dip it in vinegar, and apply it to the pigmentation.
Lemon juice: Applying the juice of a fresh lemon to the pigmentation has a similar effect to the onion remedy – it is acidic and can safely peel off the top layer of skin, causing spots to fade.
Ayurveda diet for Melasma
Avoiding the following food items helps in prevention and healing of melasma
Spicy, salty foods and drinks
Garlic and green chillies
Buffalo milk products
Alcohol and alcoholic products
Avoid exercise in hot weather, exposure to hot sun, birth control pills and long time hormonal therapies
Source: Dr K Gowthaman, Medical Director, rVita (rVita Ayurveda Centers)